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Browse Locations Chignik



(CHIG-nick); a.k.a. Chignik Bay


Current Population:                                           102   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:                                           2nd Class City

Located In:                                                         Lake and Peninsula Borough

Taxes:                                                                Sales: None, Property: None, Special: 2% Fish Tax (city); 1% Precessing Tax (city); 6% Bed Tax (Borough)

National Flood Insurance Program Participant: Yes



Location and Climate

The City of Chignik is located on Anchorage Bay on the south shore of the Alaska Peninsula. It lies 450 miles southwest of Anchorage and 260 miles southwest of Kodiak. The community lies at approximately 56.295280° North Latitude and -158.402220° West Longitude.  (Sec. 07, T045S, R058W, Seward Meridian.)   Chignik is located in the Aleutian Islands Recording District.  The area encompasses 11.7 sq. miles of land and 4.2 sq. miles of water.

Chignik has a maritime climate characterized by cool summers and warm, rainy winters. Cloud cover and heavy winds are prevalent during winter months. Summer temperatures range from 39 to 60 °F. Winter temperatures average 20 °F. Annual precipitation averages 127 inches, with an average snowfall of 58 inches.


History, Culture and Demographics

A village called "Kalwak" was originally located here; it was destroyed during the Russian fur boom in the late 1700s. Chignik, meaning "big wind," was established in the late 1800s as a fishing village and cannery. A four-masted sailing ship called the "Star of Alaska" transported workers and supplies between Chignik and San Francisco. Chinese crews from San Francisco traveled to Chignik in early spring to make tin cans for the cannery. Japanese workers followed in mid-June to begin processing. A post office was established in 1901. Coal mining occurred from 1899 to 1915. Chignik became an incorporated city in 1983. Today, two of the historical canneries are still in operation.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Chignik Bay Tribal Council. The community is presently a mixture of non-Natives and Alutiiq. Subsistence on fish and caribou is important to residents' livelihoods.

According to Census 2010, there were 105 housing units in the community and 41 were occupied. Its population was 57.1 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 34.1 percent white; 3.3 percent Asian; 4.4 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds. Additionally, 1.1 percent of the population was of Hispanic descent.


Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

Water is supplied by Indian Creek, which has a dam and a reservoir. Water is treated and piped into all 60 homes and the school. A well is available for back-up water supply. Piped sewage is collected in community septic tanks, and wastewater is discharged via ocean outfall lines; approximately 45 homes are served. The remainder use individual septic tanks. All homes are completely plumbed. Electricity is provided by Chignik Electric. There is one school located in the community, attended by 20 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Chignik Bay Sub Regional Health Clinic.  The clinic is a qualified Emergency Care Center. Chignik is an isolated town/Sub-Regional Center it is part of the Southern EMS Region. Emergency Services have coastal and air access. Emergency service is provided by volunteers and a health aide Auxiliary health care is provided by Chignik Bay Fire & Rescue (907-749-2207).



As is typical of villages in the region, commercial fishing and subsistence activities are the mainstays of the economy. In 2010, 10 residents held commercial fishing permits. Trident Seafoods operates the local fish processing plant. Salmon, herring roe, halibut, cod, and crab are processed here; between 600 and 800 people come to Chignik to fish or work in the plants each summer. Residents depend on subsistence foods, including salmon, trout, crab, clams, caribou, and moose.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 471 residents as employed. The public sector employed 17.0%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 6.0%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 53.3%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $37,206 (MOE +/-$19,274)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $16,377 (MOE +/-$6,391)1. About 4.9%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 




Chignik is accessible by air and sea. There is a state-owned 2,600' long by 60' wide gravel runway and a seaplane base. Regular flights run from King Salmon and Port Heiden. Barge services arrive weekly from late spring through early fall and monthly during the remainder of the year. The state ferry operates bi-monthly from Kodiak between May and October. A 600' privately-owned dock and boat haul-out are available. A breakwater, 110-slip small boat harbor, and public dock are under development. ATVs and skiffs are the primary means of local transportation. There is a strong regional interest in constructing roads between Chignik, Chignik Lagoon, Chignik Lake, and the city landfill.

Organizations with Local Offices

City - City of Chignik
P.O. Box 110
Chignik, AK 99564-0110
Phone 907-749-2280
Fax 907-749-2300

Electric Utility - City of Chignik
P.O. Box 110
Chignik, AK 99564-0110
Phone 907-749-2280
Fax 907-749-2300

Tribe - federally recognized - Chignik Bay Tribal Council
P.O. Box 50
Chignik Bay, AK 99564
Phone 907-749-2445
Fax 907-749-2423

Village Corporation - Far West, Incorporated
236 W 10th Ave., Suite 100
Anchorage, AK 99501
Phone 907-235-7981
Fax 907-235-7981



Regional Organizations

School District - Lake and Peninsula Borough School District
P.O. Box 498
King Salmon, AK 99613
Phone 907-246-4280
Fax 907-246-3055

Regional Native Corporation - Bristol Bay Native Corporation
111 W 16th Ave, Suite 400
Anchorage, AK 99501-6299
Phone 907-278-3602
Fax 907-276-3924

Regional Native Health Corporation - Bristol Bay Area Health Corporation
P.O. Box 130
Dillingham, AK 99576
Phone 907-842-5201
Fax 907-842-9251

Native Housing Authority - Bristol Bay Housing Authority
P.O. Box 50
Dillingham, AK 99576
Phone 907-842-5956
Fax 907-842-2784

Regional Development - Southwest Alaska Municipal Conference
3300 Arctic Blvd., Suite 203
Anchorage,  99503
Phone 907-562-7380
Fax 907-562-0438


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