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Chignik Lagoon

Chignik Lagoon

Browse Locations Chignik Lagoon


Chignik Lagoon


Current Population:                                           77   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:                                           Unincorporated

Located In:                                                         Lake and Peninsula Borough

Taxes:                                                                Sales: None, Property: None, Special: Borough taxes: 2% Fish Tax; 6% Bed Tax; $3 per person/day guide tax; $1 person/day lodge guide tax.

National Flood Insurance Program Participant: Yes



Location and Climate

Chignik Lagoon is located on the south shore of the Alaska Peninsula, 450 miles southwest of Anchorage. It lies 180 air miles south of King Salmon, 8.5 miles west of Chignik, and 16 miles east of Chignik Lake. The community lies at approximately 56.309950° North Latitude and -158.531420° West Longitude.  (Sec. 23, T044S, R059W, Seward Meridian.)   Chignik Lagoon is located in the Aleutian Islands Recording District.

The community experiences a maritime climate, characterized by cool summers and relatively warm, wet winters. Thick cloud cover and heavy winds are prevalent during winter months. Summer temperatures range from 39 to 60 °F. Winter temperatures range from 21 to 36 °F. Precipitation averages 127 inches annually, with an average annual snowfall of 58 inches.


History, Culture and Demographics

Chignik Lagoon took its name from its location and proximity to Chignik"(big wind"). The people of this area have always been sea-dependent, living on otter, sea lion, porpoise, and whale. During the Russian fur boom from 1767 to 1783, the sea otter population was decimated. This, in addition to disease and warfare, reduced the Native population to less than half its former size. It has developed as a fishing village.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Native Village of Chignik Lagoon. Chignik Lagoon experiences an influx of fishermen during the summer months. The population swells by 200 during the fishing season.

According to Census 2010, there were 66 housing units in the community and 29 were occupied. Its population was 62.8 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 20.5 percent white; 1.3 percent Asian; 11.5 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds. Additionally, 3.9 percent of the population was of Hispanic descent.


Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

Chignik Lagoon has an infiltration gallery from a surface source. The piped water system serves most homes; a few households have individual wells. Nearly all residences have complete plumbing, using individual septic tanks. An incinerator is available at the landfill. Electricity is provided by Chignik Lagoon Power Utility. There is one school located in the community, attended by 12 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Chignik Lagoon Clinic.  Chignik Lagoon is an isolated location it is part of the Southern EMS Region. Emergency Services have coastal and air access. Emergency service is provided by a health aide.  Auxiliary health care is provided by Chignik Lagoon Rescue Squad (907-840-2218).



Fishing is the mainstay of the economy in Chignik Lagoon, and the area serves as a regional fishing center. The economy is dependent on the success of the salmon fleet. In 2011, 30 residents held commercial fishing permits. The primary year-round employers are the village council, electric plant, and school. Subsistence activities contribute to food sources. Salmon, other fish, crab, clams, caribou, moose, ducks, and berries are utilized.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 401 residents as employed. The public sector employed 50.0%1 of all workers. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 37.5%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $130,250 (MOE +/-$60,683)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $37,231 (MOE +/-$17,654)1




Chignik Lagoon is primarily accessible by air and sea. There are no roads connecting it to other villages. There is a strong regional interest in constructing roads between Chignik, Chignik Lagoon, Chignik Lake, and the landfill. There is a state-maintained 1,810' by 60' wide gravel airstrip, public domain small boat harbor, and seaplane base. Regular and charter flights are available from King Salmon. A cargo ship brings supplies annually, and goods are lightered to shore. Boat haul-outs are available. ATVs and skiffs are the primary means of local transportation.

Organizations with Local Offices

Electric Utility - Native Village of Chignik Lagoon
P.O. Box 9
Chignik Lagoon, AK 99565-0009
Phone 907-840-2206

Tribe - federally recognized - Native Village of Chignik Lagoon
P.O. Box 9
Chignik Lagoon, AK 99565
Phone 907-840-2281
Fax 907-840-2217

Village Corporation - Chignik Lagoon Native Corporation
16016 Mammoth Cir
Eagle River, AK 99577-8015
Phone 907-840-2225
Fax 907-840-2270



Regional Organizations

School District - Lake and Peninsula Borough School District
P.O. Box 498
King Salmon, AK 99613
Phone 907-246-4280
Fax 907-246-3055

Regional Native Corporation - Bristol Bay Native Corporation
111 W 16th Ave, Suite 400
Anchorage, AK 99501-6299
Phone 907-278-3602
Fax 907-276-3924

Regional Native Health Corporation - Bristol Bay Area Health Corporation
P.O. Box 130
Dillingham, AK 99576
Phone 907-842-5201
Fax 907-842-9251

Native Housing Authority - Bristol Bay Housing Authority
P.O. Box 50
Dillingham, AK 99576
Phone 907-842-5956
Fax 907-842-2784

Regional Development - Southwest Alaska Municipal Conference
3300 Arctic Blvd., Suite 203
Anchorage,  99503
Phone 907-562-7380
Fax 907-562-0438


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