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Chickaloon

Chickaloon

Browse Locations Chickaloon

 

Chickaloon

(CHICK-uh-loon)

Current Population:                                           270   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:                                           Unincorporated

Located In:                                                         Matanuska-Susitna Borough

Taxes:                                                                Sales: None, Property: 10.35 mills (borough); excludes service area taxes, Special: 5% Bed Tax (Borough); 5.29% Tobacco Excise Tax (Borough)

National Flood Insurance Program Participant: Yes

 

 

Location and Climate

The unincorporated community of Chickaloon is located within the Matanuska-Susitna Borough, northeast of the community of Sutton. Its western boundary is in the vicinity of the Kings River (mile 66.4 on the Glenn Highway), and its eastern boundary is in the vicinity of Purinton Creek. The Talkeetna Mountains lie to the northwest, and the Chugach Mountains and Matanuska River lie to the southeast. The Chickaloon River and the Kings River are the two major tributaries to the Matanuska River. There are several lakes within the area: Fish Lake, Drill Lake, Bonnie Lake, Harrison Lake, and Long Lake. The community lies at approximately 61.796670° North Latitude and -148.462780° West Longitude.  (Sec. 25, T020N, R005E, Seward Meridian.)   Chickaloon is located in the Palmer Recording District.  The area encompasses 79.4 sq. miles of land and 0.8 sq. miles of water.

Chickaloon is located within a transitional zone between coastal and interior climates. The temperatures in winter ranges from -30 to 39 °F. In summer, temperatures range from 40 to 85 °F. The average annual liquid equivalent precipitation is 14 inches. The average annual snowfall is 69 inches.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

Traditionally, Chickaloon territory was a center of trade for copper, sheep, and goats from the north and salmon, beluga, and fur seals from the south. The Ahtna, and formerly the Dena'ina, Athabascans of Chickaloon traveled extensively within the Copper River and Cook Inlet areas. The Chickaloon River was named after Chief Chiklu, the last Denai'ina chief in this area. What is now the community of Chickaloon was once a primary fishing camp of Chickaloon Village. Nay'dini'aa Na' is the Ahtna name for the original settlement of Chickaloon Village on the north bank above the mouth of the Chickaloon River. An 1898 army exploration party located a vein of high-quality coal near the Chickaloon River. The deposits were hard to reach, and there was little interest in them until a railroad was built to Interior Alaska. During the winter of 1913-1914, an Alaskan freighter named Jack Dalton used the frozen Matanuska River to haul the first test coal from the Chickaloon coal deposits. When construction of the Alaska Railroad was approved in 1914, the plan included a spur line to the Chickaloon coal field. From 1915 to 1922, the U.S. Navy sponsored a coal mining boom in Chickaloon drainage, which had a negative impact on Chickaloon Village, especially with respect to their once-valued fishing camp. At the same time, it provided an opportunity for jobs and the development of Chickaloon. Coal mining also took place in the area around Sutton, at the Wishbone Hill Naval Coal Reserve, Coal Creek, and Carbon Creek. Like so many other Alaska mining towns, Chickaloon grew quickly and almost as quickly declined. By 1925, the navy had halted coal development in Chickaloon, and the land reverted to public domain and was opened to homesteaders by 1958. Today, local businesses provide employment for community residents and serve the needs of residents and visitors alike. Many Chickaloon Village Tribal members remain in Chickaloon, and others live in Sutton and surrounding communities.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Chickaloon Native Village. The tribally-owned and -operated Ya Ne Dah Ah ("Ancient Teachings") School, located in Moose Creek, serves tribal members living in Chickaloon and surrounding communities. Fishing, hunting, gathering, and trading are important activities for both Athabascan and non-Native residents.

According to Census 2010, there were 251 housing units in the community and 123 were occupied. Its population was 6.3 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 86.4 percent white; 0.7 percent Asian; 6.3 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds. Additionally, 1.5 percent of the population was of Hispanic descent.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

Approximately 75% of households have individual water wells and septic tank systems; most homes are plumbed. A borough transfer station is located at mile 62 of the Glenn Highway in Sutton. Electricity is provided by Matanuska Electric Association. There are schools located in the community, Local hospitals or health clinics include "C'eyiits' Hnax or ""Life House "" Health Clinic in Sutton (907-745-0704) and Valley Hospital in Palmer (907-746-8600)".  Emergency Services have highway and air access and is provided by volunteers.  Auxiliary health care is provided by Sutton EMS or Valley Hospital in Palmer.

 

Economy

Various stores and inns serve local residents and travelers. There are also several guides that cater to a variety of recreational activities. Many residents are employed within the community while some commute to Palmer, Wasilla, or Anchorage for work, and others work on the North Slope.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 371 residents as employed. The public sector employed 45.9%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 26.0%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 57.3%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $55,375 (MOE +/-$57,624)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $22,596 (MOE +/-$6,660)1. About 17.8%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 


 

 

Transportation

Chickaloon is accessible by the statewide highway system and a local road network. Goods are most often brought in from the Palmer/Wasilla area or Anchorage. There is a scheduled freight service, as well as a scheduled passenger service providing flag stop bus service on a route between Anchorage and Valdez. There is also a privately-owned 1,320' by 45' runway.


Organizations with Local Offices

Community Non Profit - Chickaloon Community Council, Incorporated
P.O. Box 1145
Chickaloon, AK 99674-1145
Phone 907-746-4494
E-mail 
fbarker@ak.net
Web www.chickalooncommunitycouncil.org 

Electric Utility - Matanuska Electric Association, Incorporated
P.O. Box 2929
Palmer, AK 99645
Phone 907-761-9328
Web 
http://www.mea.coop/ 

Tribe - federally recognized - Chickaloon Native Village
P.O. Box 1105
Chickaloon, AK 99674-1105
Phone 907-745-0707
Fax 907-745-7154
E-mail 
cvadmin@chickaloon.org
Web http://www.chickaloon.org 

Village Corporation - Chickaloon-Moose Creek Native Association, Incorporated
P.O. Box 875046
Wasilla, AK 99687
Phone 907-373-1145
Fax 907-373-1142
E-mail 
cmena@alaska.net
Web http://www.chickaloon.org 
 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Matanuska-Susitna Borough School District
501 N. Gulkana
Palmer, AK 99645
Phone 907-746-9255
Fax 907-761-4076
E-mail 
deena.paramo@matsuk12.us
Web http://www.matsuk12.us

Regional Native Corporation - Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
P.O. Box 93330
Anchorage, AK 99509-3330
Phone 907-274-8638
Fax 907-263-5182
E-mail 
info@ciri.com
Web http://www.ciri.com/

Regional Native Health Corporation - Southcentral Foundation
4501 Diplomacy
Anchorage, AK 99508
Phone 907-729-4955
Fax 907-729-4972
E-mail 
katherineg@scf.cc
Web http://www.southcentralfoundation.com

Regional Native Non-Profit - Cook Inlet Tribal Council, Incorporated
3600 San Jeronimo Dr
Anchorage, AK 99508
Phone 907-793-3600
Fax 907-793-3602
E-mail 
citci@citci.com
Web http://www.citci.com/

Native Housing Authority - Chickaloon Native Village
P.O. Box 1105
Chickaloon, AK 99674-1105
Phone 907-745-0707
Fax 907-745-7154
E-mail 
cvadmin@chickaloon.org
Web http://www.chickaloon.org

 



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