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Chalkyitsik

Chalkyitsik

Browse Locations Chalkyitsik

 

Chalkyitsik

(chall-KEET-sick)
 

Current Population:     75   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:     Unincorporated

Located In:                   Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area

Taxes:                          No taxing authority

                                   

 

 

Location and Climate

Chalkyitsik is located on the Black River about 50 miles east of Fort Yukon. The community lies at approximately 66.654440° North Latitude and -143.722220° West Longitude.  (Sec. 12, T021N, R018E, Fairbanks Meridian.)   Chalkyitsik is located in the Fairbanks Recording District.

Chalkyitsik has a continental arctic climate, characterized by seasonal extremes of temperature. Winters are long and harsh, and summers warm and short. The average high temperature during July ranges from 65 to 72 °F. The average low temperature during January is well below zero. Extended periods of -50 to -60 °F are common. Extreme temperatures, ranging from a low of -71 to a high of 97 °F, have been measured. Annual precipitation averages 6.5 inches, and annual snowfall averages 43.4 inches. The Black River is ice-free from mid-June to mid-October.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

Chalkyitsik means "fish hooking place" and has traditionally been an important seasonal fishing site for the Gwich'in. Archaeological excavations in the area reveal use and occupancy of the region as early as 10,000 BC. Village elders remember a highly nomadic way of life, living at the headwaters of the Black River from autumn to spring and then floating downriver to fish in summer. Early explorers of the region refer briefly to the Black River Gwich'in Natives. Archdeacon MacDonald encountered them on the Black and Porcupine Rivers, as well as trading and socializing in Fort Yukon and Rampart, on a number of occasions from 1863 to 1868. Around the turn of the century, the Black River band began to settle in Salmon Village, about 70 miles upriver from the present site. The first permanent structure was built there by William Salmon, a Canadian Native who married a Black River woman. In the late 1930s, a boat bound for Salmon Village with construction materials for a school had to unload at Chalkyitsik because of low water. The site was used as a seasonal fishing camp, and four cabins existed at that time. The decision was made to build the school there, and the Black River people began to settle around the school. By 1969, there were 26 houses, a store, two churches, and a community hall in Chalkyitsik.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Chalkyitsik Village. Chalkyitsik is a traditional Gwich'in Athabascan village, with a subsistence lifestyle. The sale and importation of alcohol is banned in the village.

According to Census 2010, there were 67 housing units in the community and 24 were occupied. Its population was 85.5 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 14.5 percent white;

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

Water is derived from a well under the Black River and treated and stored in a 100,000-gallon tank. Residents haul water from the water treatment plant/washeteria/clinic building and use honeybuckets or outhouses for sewage disposal. No homes are plumbed. The village provides water to the school. Electricity is provided by Chalkyitsik Village Energy System. There is one school located in the community,  attended by 13 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Chalkyitsik Clinic.  Chalkyitsik Village Clinic is a Primary Health Care facility with river and air access.

 

Economy

Wage opportunities are limited and primarily part-time with the school district, village council, clinic, or state and federal agencies. Seasonal work is found firefighting for the BLM, making sleds and snowshoes, trapping, and making handicrafts. Subsistence plays an important role in the village economy. Moose, caribou, sheep, salmon, and whitefish provide a relatively stable source of food.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 201 residents as employed. The public sector employed 25.0%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 37.5%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 31.9%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $41,250 (MOE +/-$21,739)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $20,975 (MOE +/-$8,124)1. About 11.5%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 

 

 

Transportation

Access is primarily by air; there is a state-owned 4,000' long by 90' wide gravel runway. Residents own ATVs, snowmachines, and skiffs for fishing, hunting, and recreation. No roads connect Chalkyitsik with other villages, although there is a winter trail to Fort Yukon. It is accessible by small riverboat. Chalkyitsik received cargo by barge at one time, but the service is no longer provided.


Organizations with Local Offices

Electric Utility - Chalkyitsik Village
P.O. Box 57
Chalkyitsik, AK 99788
Phone 907-848-8227
Fax 907-848-8986

Tribe - federally recognized - Chalkyitsik Village
P.O. Box 57
Chalkyitsik, AK 99788
Phone 907-848-8117
Fax 907-848-8986

Village Corporation - Chalkyitsik Native Corporation
P.O. Box 53
Chalkyitsik, AK 99788
Phone 907-848-8112
Fax 907-848-8114
E-mail 
RobinJonas@hotmail.com
 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Yukon Flats School District
P.O. Box 350
Ft. Yukon, AK 99740-0350
Phone 907-662-2515
Fax 907-662-3094
E-mail 
lance.bowie@yukonflats.net
Web http://www.yukonflats.net

Regional Native Corporation - Doyon, Limited
1 Doyon Place, Suite 300
Fairbanks, AK 99701-2941
Phone 907-459-2000
Fax 907-459-2060
E-mail 
info@doyon.com
Web http://www.doyon.com

Regional Native Health Corporation - Tanana Chiefs Conference
122 First Ave, Suite 600
Fairbanks, AK 99701
Phone 907-452-8251
Fax 907-459-3851
E-mail 
jerryisaac@tananachiefs.org
Web http://www.tananachiefs.org

Native Housing Authority - Chalkyitsik Village
P.O. Box 57
Chalkyitsik, AK 99788
Phone 907-848-8117
Fax 907-848-8986

Native Housing Authority - Chalkyitsik Village
P.O. Box 57
Chalkyitsik, AK 99788
Phone 907-848-8227
Fax 907-848-8986

 

 



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