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Buckland

Buckland

Browse Locations Buckland

 

Buckland

(BUCK-lund)

 

Current Population:                                           437   (2011 DCCED certified estimate)

Incorporation Type:                                           2nd Class City

Located In:                                                         Northwest Arctic Borough

Taxes:                                                                Sales: 6%, Property: None, Special: None

National Flood Insurance Program Participant: Yes

 

 

Location and Climate

Buckland is located on the west bank of the Buckland River, about 75 miles southeast of Kotzebue. The community lies at approximately 65.979720° North Latitude and -161.123060° West Longitude. (Sec. 26, T007N, R012W, Kateel River Meridian.)   Buckland is located in the Cape Nome Recording District.  The area encompasses 1.2 sq. miles of land and 0.2 sq. miles of water.

Buckland is located in the transitional climate zone, which is characterized by long, cold winters and cool summers. Temperatures range from -60 to the 85 °F. Annual precipitation averages 9 inches, and annual snowfall averages 40 inches. Crosswinds can restrict flying during the winter.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

The residents have moved from one site to another along the river at least five times in recent memory, to places known as Elephant Point, Old Buckland, and New Site. The presence of many fossil finds at Elephant Point indicate prehistoric occupation of the area. The Inupiaq Eskimos depend on reindeer, beluga whale, and seal for survival. The city government was incorporated in 1966.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Native Village of Buckland. Buckland is an Inupiat Eskimo village, and subsistence activities are an important focus of the economy. The sale and importation of alcohol is banned in the village.

According to Census 2010, there were 101 housing units in the community and 98 were occupied. Its population was 95.4 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 2.6 percent white; 1.9 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

Water is pumped from Buckland River, treated in the washeteria building, and stored in a 100,000-gallon tank. Some residents have water delivered to home tanks, but most haul their own water. The city pumps flush/haul waste tanks or hauls honeybuckets to the sewage lagoon. A flush/haul system has been problematic on the south side of town, and it sometimes freezes and fails during the winter. Only 8 homes and the school have functioning plumbing; 74 homes are not served. Individuals dispose of refuse in dumpsters, which are hauled to the landfill. Electricity is provided by City of Buckland. There is one school located in the community,  attended by 169 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Tigautchiaq Amainiq Health Clinic (Buckland).  Buckland Clinic is a Primary Health Care facility with coastal and air access.

 

Economy

Residents depend on a subsistence lifestyle for most food sources. Employment is primarily with the school, city, health clinic, and stores. Some mining also occurs. In 2011, one resident held a commercial fishing permit. The community is interested in developing a Native food products and crafts manufacturing facility to produce reindeer sausage, berry products, labrador tea, and ivory and wood carving.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 1051 residents as employed. The public sector employed 5.7%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 41.0%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 37.1%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $42,500 (MOE +/-$7,338)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $9,946 (MOE +/-$2,047)1. About 19.5%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 


 

 

Transportation

Buckland's major means of transportation are plane, small boat, barge, and snowmachine; there are no roads outside of the village. Buckland has a state-owned 3,200' long by 75' wide gravel airstrip, which serves a number of scheduled and chartered flights. Crowley Marine barges in fuel, and various lighterage companies deliver cargo and supplies each summer.


Organizations with Local Offices

City - City of Buckland
P.O. Box 49
Buckland, AK 99727
Phone 907-494-2121
Fax 907-494-2138
E-mail 
city_of_buckland@yahoo.com

Electric Utility - City of Buckland
P.O. Box 49
Buckland, AK 99727
Phone 907-494-2138
Fax 907-494-2138
E-mail 
city_of_buckland@yahoo.com

Tribe - federally recognized - Native Village of Buckland
P.O. Box 67
Buckland, AK 99727
Phone 907-494-2171
Fax 907-494-2217
E-mail 
tribeclerk@nunachiak.org
Web http://www.maniilaq.org 
 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Northwest Arctic Borough School District
P.O. Box 51
Kotzebue, AK 99752
Phone 907-442-3472
Fax 907-442-2246
E-mail 
neck@nwarctic.org
Web http://www.nwarctic.org

Regional Native Health Corporation - Maniilaq Association
P.O. Box 256
Kotzebue, AK 99752
Phone 907-442-3311
Fax 907-442-7678
E-mail 
ierlich@maniilaq.org
Web http://www.maniilaq.org

Native Housing Authority - Northwest Inupiat Housing Authority
P.O. Box 331
Kotzebue, AK 99752
Phone 907-442-3450
Fax 907-442-3486
E-mail 
gadams@nwiha.com
Web http://maniilaq.org

Regional Development - Northwest Arctic Borough Economic Development Council
P.O. Box 1110
Kotzebue,  99752
Phone 907-442-2500
Fax 907-442-3740
E-mail 
lsaito@nwabor.org
Web http://www.nwabor.org

 



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