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Browse Locations Beluga



Current Population: 19 (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type: Unincorporated

Located In: Kenai Peninsula Borough

Taxes: Sales: 3% (Borough), Property: 4.5 mills (borough) excludes service area taxes, Special: None

National Flood Insurance Program Participant: Yes



Location and Climate

Beluga is located 8 miles northeast of Tyonek, along Cook Inlet in the Kenai Peninsula Borough. It lies 40 air miles southwest of Anchorage. The community lies at approximately 61.171910° North Latitude and -151.168260° West Longitude.  (Sec. 35, T017N, R010W, Seward Meridian.)   Beluga is located in the Anchorage Recording District.

Winter temperatures typically range 4 to 22 °F. Summer temperatures average 46 to 65 °F. Temperature extremes have been recorded from a low of -27 to a high of 91 °F. Average annual precipitation is 23 inches, and average annual snowfall is 82 inches.


History, Culture and Demographics

Various Tanaina Athabascan settlements in this area include Old Tyonek Creek, Robert Creek, Timber Camp, Beluga, and Moquawkie Indian Reservation. Russian trading settlements were established in the area prior to the 1790s. Beluga means "white whale" in Russian and refers to the beluga whales that feed in Cook Inlet. Between 1836 and 1840, half of the region's Natives died from a smallpox epidemic. The Alaska Commercial Company had a major outpost at nearby Tyonek by 1875. In 1880, "Tyonok" station and village, believed to be two separate communities, had a total of 117 residents, including 109 Athabascans, 6 "creoles", and 2 whites. After gold was discovered at Resurrection Creek in the 1880s, Tyonek became a major disembarkment point for goods and people. A saltery was established in 1896 at the mouth of the Chuitna River north of Tyonek. In 1915, the Tyonek Reservation (also known as Moquawkie Indian Reservation) was established. The village of Tyonek was moved to its present location atop a bluff when the old site flooded in the early 1930s.

According to Census 2010, there were 53 housing units in the community and 10 were occupied. Its population was 10 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 90 percent white;


Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

All occupied homes are fully plumbed. There are three permitted landfill sites in the area. Electricity is provided by Chugach Electric Association. There are schools located in the community, Local hospitals or health clinics include Tyonek Health Clinic in Tyonek.  Auxiliary health care is provided by Tyonek Volunteer Rescue Squad (907-585-2271).



Beluga is the site of a power plant owned by Chugach Electric Association and provides some electricity for Anchorage. There are seven combustion turbines fueled by natural gas and one fueled by steam. A large reserve of coal is located nearby, although permitting, road, and port improvements would be necessary to develop a product for export.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 421 residents as employed. 




Beluga has two private runways. One is a 2,400' by 60' gravel lighted airstrip, and the other is gravel 5,000' by 100' that is not maintained in the winter. A road connects Beluga to nearby Tyonek. Barges deliver heavy goods to the area, and a dock is available.

Organizations with Local Offices

Electric Utility - Chugach Electric Association, Incorporated
5601 Electron Dr
Anchorage, AK 99519-6300
Phone 907-762-4709


Regional Organizations

School District - Kenai Peninsula Borough School District
148 N. Binkley St.
Soldotna, AK 99669
Phone 907-714-8888
Fax 907-262-9645

Regional Native Corporation - Cook Inlet Region, Incorporated
P.O. Box 93330
Anchorage, AK 99509-3330
Phone 907-274-8638
Fax 907-263-5182

Regional Native Health Corporation - Southcentral Foundation
4501 Diplomacy
Anchorage, AK 99508
Phone 907-729-4955
Fax 907-729-4972

Regional Native Non-Profit - Cook Inlet Tribal Council, Incorporated
3600 San Jeronimo Dr
Anchorage, AK 99508
Phone 907-793-3600
Fax 907-793-3602

Regional Development - Kenai Peninsula Economic Development District
14896 Kenai Spur Hwy., #103A
Kenai,  99611-7000
Phone 907-283-3335
Fax 907-283-3913


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