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Beaver

Beaver

Browse Locations Beaver

 

Beaver

(BEE-vur)

 

Current Population:              77   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:              Unincorporated

Located In:                           Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area

Taxes:                                   No taxing authority

                                            

 

 

Location and Climate

Beaver is located on the north bank of the Yukon River, approximately 60 air miles southwest of Fort Yukon and 110 miles north of Fairbanks. It lies in the Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge. The community lies at approximately 66.359440° North Latitude and -147.396390° West Longitude. (Sec. 30, T018N, R002E, Fairbanks Meridian.)   Beaver is located in the Fairbanks Recording District.

Beaver has a continental subarctic climate characterized by seasonal extreme temperatures. The average high temperature during July ranges from 65 to 72 °F. The average low temperature during January is well below zero. Extended periods of -50 to -60 °F are common. Extreme temperatures ranging from a low of -70 to a high of 90 °F have been measured. Precipitation averages 6.5 inches. The average annual snowfall is 43.4 inches. The Yukon River is ice-free from mid-June to mid-October.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

Gold discoveries in the Chandalar region in 1907 led to the founding of Beaver. It was established as the Yukon River terminus for miners heading north to the gold fields. The Alaska Road Commission built a trail from Beaver north to Caro on the Chandalar River around 1907, and three freight companies operated on the trail, commonly known as Government Road. In 1910, Thomas Carter and H.E. Ashelby established a store at Beaver. In 1911, about the time the gold rush was over, Frank Yasuda, a Japanese immigrant who had traded at Point Barrow and prospected in the Brooks Range, arrived with a group of Eskimos and became a partner in the trading post. They served the remaining mines in the region, supplied riverboats with firewood, and traded with Eskimo and Indian fur trappers. A post office was established in 1913, and a second trading post opened in the early 1920s. The first Beaver school opened in 1928, and an airstrip was built in the 1930s. Beaver's population remained stable from 1950 through the 1970s. In 1974, the village council purchased the local store and set it up as a cooperative, with villagers holding shares of stock.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Beaver Village. The population of Beaver is predominantly mixed Gwitchin/Koyukuk Athabascan and Inupiat Eskimo. Subsistence is an important source of food items. The sale, importation, and possession of alcohol is banned in the village.

According to Census 2010, there were 56 housing units in the community and 36 were occupied. Its population was 97.6 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 1.2 percent white; 1.2 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds. Additionally, 4.8 percent of the population was of Hispanic descent.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

A new well and pumphouse were constructed in 1997; residents haul treated water from this point. Honeybuckets are used for sewage disposal in all homes; a village-operated vehicle is used to haul wastes. Villagers rely on the washeteria for bathing and laundry. The washeteria and school use individual septic systems. Electricity is provided by Beaver Joint Utilities. There is one school located in the community,  attended by 11 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Beaver Clinic.  Beaver Clinic is a Primary Health Care facility with river and air access.

 

Economy

Almost all Beaver residents are involved in subsistence activities. Moose, salmon, freshwater fish, bear, and waterfowl supply meat. Poor fish returns since 1998 have significantly affected the community. Gardening and berry-picking are popular activities. Most wage employment is at the school, post office, clinic, and village council. Seasonal wages are earned through BLM firefighting, construction jobs, trapping, producing handicrafts, or selling cut firewood.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 311 residents as employed. The public sector employed 9.7%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 32.6%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 17.9%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $20,938 (MOE +/-$5,513)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $13,617 (MOE +/-$4,845)1. About 29.5%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 


 

 

Transportation

The state-owned 3,954' long by 75' wide lighted gravel airstrip provides daily air service. Fuel, store goods, and supplies are shipped to Beaver via air cargo or barge during the summers. Trucks and ATVs are used by many residents. Snowmachines and dog teams are used during winter.


Organizations with Local Offices

Electric Utility - Beaver Village Electrical Utility
P.O. Box 24069
Beaver, AK 99724-9998
Phone 907-628-6126
Web 
beavercouncil@hotmail.com 

Tribe - federally recognized - Beaver Village
P.O. Box 24028
Beaver, AK 99724
Phone 907-628-6126
Fax 907-628-6815
E-mail 
beavercouncil@hotmail.com

Village Corporation - Beaver Kwit'chin Corporation
P.O. Box 24090
Beaver, AK 99724
Phone 907-456-4183

 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Yukon Flats School District
P.O. Box 350
Ft. Yukon, AK 99740-0350
Phone 907-662-2515
Fax 907-662-3094
E-mail 
lance.bowie@yukonflats.net
Web http://www.yukonflats.net

Regional Native Corporation - Doyon, Limited
1 Doyon Place, Suite 300
Fairbanks, AK 99701-2941
Phone 907-459-2000
Fax 907-459-2060
E-mail 
info@doyon.com
Web http://www.doyon.com

Regional Native Health Corporation - Tanana Chiefs Conference
122 First Ave, Suite 600
Fairbanks, AK 99701
Phone 907-452-8251
Fax 907-459-3851
E-mail 
jerryisaac@tananachiefs.org
Web http://www.tananachiefs.org

Native Housing Authority - Interior Regional Housing Authority
828 27th Avenue
Fairbanks, AK 99701
Phone 907-452-8315
Fax 907-456-8941
E-mail 
icatalone@irha.org
Web http://www.irha.org/

 

 



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