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Arctic Village

Arctic Village

Browse Locations Arctic Village

 

Arctic Village

(ar-TICK)

 

Current Population:              167   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:              Unincorporated

Located In:                           Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area

Taxes:                                   No taxing authority

                                            

 

 

Location and Climate

Arctic Village is on the east fork of the Chandalar River, 100 miles north of Fort Yukon and 290 miles north of Fairbanks. The community lies at approximately 68.126940° North Latitude and -145.537780° West Longitude.  (Sec. 24, T015S, R028E, Umiat Meridian.)   Arctic Village is located in the Barrow Recording District.

Arctic Village has a continental subarctic climate. Winters are long and harsh, and summers are short but warm. The average high temperature range during July is 65 to 72 °F. The average low temperature during January is well below zero. Extended periods of -50 to -60 °F are common. Extreme temperatures have been measured, ranging from a low of -70 to a high of 90 °F. Precipitation averages 9 inches, and snowfall averages 52.8 inches.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

Until the 1950s, the Neets'aii Gwichin ("residents of the north side") lived a highly nomadic life. They traditionally used seasonal camps and semi-permanent settlements, such as Arctic Village, Christian, Venetie, and Sheenjak, in pursuit of fish and game. They traded with Inupiat Eskimos on the Arctic coast. There is archaeological evidence that the Arctic Village area was populated as early as 4,500 BC. In 1863, Archdeacon McDonald of Fort Yukon observed that the Chandalar Kutchin were important providers of caribou meat for the residents of Ft. Yukon. Reverend Albert Tritt, a Neets'aii Gwich'in born in 1880, wrote that his people led a nomadic life, traveling to the Arctic coast, Rampart, Old Crow, the Coleen River, and Fort Yukon in the 1880s and 1890s. With the introduction of firearms in the early 1900s, family groups began to gather more permanently at several locations; there was no longer a need to disperse into small groups to hunt caribou. The first permanent resident at the present village site was Chief Christian in 1909. In 1943, the Venetie Indian Reservation was established, due to the efforts of several area villagers to protect their land for subsistence use. The first school was built in 1959. When the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) was passed in 1971, Venetie and Arctic Village opted for title to the 1.8 million acres of land in the former reservation. Residents continue to use the community as a base of operations from which they pursue seasonal subsistence activities.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government. The Neets'aii Gwich'in of Arctic Village lead a subsistence-based lifestyle.

According to Census 2010, there were 85 housing units in the community and 65 were occupied. Its population was 88.8 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 4.6 percent white; 6.6 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

Water is drawn from the Chandalar River and is treated at and hauled from the washeteria. None of the homes are plumbed. The village provides water to two school tanks; one 17,000 gallons and the other 7,000 gallons. The clinic hauls its own water. Honeybuckets are disposed of by residents, or outhouses are used. The washeteria is the only facility with running water, and it uses a small solar power system to provide some electricity. The landfill is not permitted and needs to be relocated away from the airport. Electricity is provided by Arctic Village Electric Company. There is one school located in the community,  attended by 23 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Arctic Village Clinic.  Arctic Village Health Clinic is a Primary Health Care facility with river and air access.

 

Economy

The economy of Arctic Village is subsistence-based. Caribou, moose, sheep, porcupine, rabbit, and ptarmigan are hunted. Freshwater fish, waterfowl, and berries are also harvested. The school, clinic, village council, and stores are the primary employers. Seasonal employment includes construction, fire fighting, guiding, and conducting wildlife surveys for the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Some residents trap or sell firewood for income. The tribe operates the washeteria and clinic.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 281 residents as employed. The public sector employed 42.9%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 26.3%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 47.9%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $22,500 (MOE +/-$7,387)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $13,157 (MOE +/-$4,437)1. About 34.9%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 


 

 

Transportation

Air transportation provides the only year-round access to Arctic Village. Ice fog frequently interferes with air service in winter months. The 4,500' long by 75' wide gravel airstrip is owned and managed by the tribal government. Local transportation is by ATVs and snowmachines. Some residents maintain dog teams.


Organizations with Local Offices

Electric Utility - Alaska Village Electric Cooperative

Arctic Village, AK 99722
Phone 907-587-5523
Fax 907-587-5128

Tribe - federally recognized - Arctic Village
P.O. Box 22069
Arctic Village, AK 99722
Phone 907-587-5523
Fax 907-587-5128
E-mail 
nativemovement@hotmail.com
 

 

Regional Organizations

Tribe - federally recognized - Arctic Village
P.O. Box 22069
Arctic Village, AK 99722
Phone 907-587-5523
Fax 907-587-5128
E-mail 
nativemovement@hotmail.com

School District - Yukon Flats School District
P.O. Box 350
Ft. Yukon, AK 99740-0350
Phone 907-662-2515
Fax 907-662-3094
E-mail 
lance.bowie@yukonflats.net
Web http://www.yukonflats.net

Regional Native Corporation - Doyon, Limited
1 Doyon Place, Suite 300
Fairbanks, AK 99701-2941
Phone 907-459-2000
Fax 907-459-2060
E-mail 
info@doyon.com
Web http://www.doyon.com

Regional Native Health Corporation - Tanana Chiefs Conference
122 First Ave, Suite 600
Fairbanks, AK 99701
Phone 907-452-8251
Fax 907-459-3851
E-mail 
jerryisaac@tananachiefs.org
Web http://www.tananachiefs.org

Native Housing Authority - Arctic Village
P.O. Box 22069
Arctic Village, AK 99722
Phone 907-587-5523
Fax 907-587-5128
E-mail 
nativemovement@hotmail.com

 



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