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Aniak

Aniak

Browse Locations Aniak

 

Aniak

(ANN-ee-ack)

 

Current Population:  539 (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type: 2nd Class City

Located In: Bethel Census Area

Taxes: Sales: 2%, Property: None, Special: None

National Flood Insurance Program Participant: Yes

 

 

Location and Climate

Aniak is located on the south bank of the Kuskokwim River at the head of Aniak Slough, 59 miles southeast of Russian Mission in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. It lies 92 air miles northeast of Bethel and 317 miles west of Anchorage. The community lies at approximately 61.578330° North Latitude and -159.522220° West Longitude.  (Sec. 12, T017N, R057W, Seward Meridian.)   Aniak is located in the Kuskokwim Recording District.  The area encompasses 6.5 sq. miles of land and 2.3 sq. miles of water.

Climate is maritime in the summer and continental in winter. Temperatures range between -55 and 87 °F. Average yearly precipitation is 19 inches, and average yearly snowfall is 60 inches. The Kuskokwim is ice-free from mid-June through October.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

Aniak is a Yup'ik word meaning "the place where it comes out," which refers to the mouth of the Aniak River. This river played a key role in the placer gold rush of 1900-01. In 1914, Tom L. Johnson homesteaded the site and opened a store and post office. The Yup'ik village of Aniak had been abandoned long before this time. Eskimos Willie Pete and Sam Simeon brought their families from Ohagamuit to Aniak, which reestablished the Native community. A Russian-era trader named Semyeon Lukin is credited with the discovery of gold near Aniak in 1832. A territorial school opened in 1936. Construction of an airfield began in 1939, followed by the erection of the White Alice radar-relay station in 1956, which closed in 1978. The city was incorporated in 1972.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Village of Aniak. Aniak's population is primarily Yup'ik Eskimos and Tanaina Athabascans. Subsistence foods contribute largely to villagers' diets. Many families travel to fish camps each summer.

According to Census 2010, there were 214 housing units in the community and 166 were occupied. Its population was 69.5 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 20.4 percent white; 0.2 percent black; 9.8 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds. Additionally, 1.2 percent of the population was of Hispanic decent.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

The majority of homes (155) are plumbed and have individual wells. A central well was completed in 1988 by the village corporation; there are also wells at Auntie Marie Nicoli School and the Joe Parent Voc Ed Center. Only 21 households haul water. A central piped sewage system serves most residents, with the exception of the school, the clinic, and the Napat subdivision across Aniak Slough. The system has four lift stations, and wastewater is treated in a lagoon. Some homes use individual septic tanks, but permafrost has caused drainfield problems, so most of the unserved homes use pit privies. The city provides septic pumping services. A washeteria is operated by the village council. Aniak Power & Light is a privately-owned company. Electricity is provided by Aniak Light & Power Company. There are 2 schools located in the community,  attended by 139 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Clara Morgan Sub-Regional Clinic.  The Clara Morgan Sub-Regional Clini is a qualified Emergency Care Center and provides: Primary Health Care Prevetion Services Dental care Behavioral Health Pharmacy Radiology and Optometry services. Specialized Care: KNA Community Counseling Center (Kuskokwim Native Assoc.) provides consumer and psychiatric services. Aniak is an isolated town/Sub-Regional Center it is part of the Yukon Kuskokwim EMS Region. Emergency Services have limited river and air access. Emergency service is provided by 911 Telephone Service volunteers and a health aide.  Auxiliary health care is provided by Aniak Volunteer Fire Dept. (907-675-4601).

 

Economy

The economy of Aniak is based on government, transportation, and retail services. As the largest city in the area, Aniak is a service hub for surrounding villages. Subsistence activities supplement part-time wage earnings, and some commercial fishing occurs. In 2010, 9 residents held commercial fishing permits. The school district, Kuskokwim Native Association, Bush-Tell Inc., and the Aniak Subregional Clinic provide most year-round employment. Salmon, moose, bear, birds, berries, and home gardening provide food sources.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 2321 residents as employed. The public sector employed 27.2%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 9.0%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 34.3%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $59,018 (MOE +/-$8,857)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $24,488 (MOE +/-$4,420)1. About 10.2%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 

 

 

Transportation

Access to Aniak is limited to air and water. The state-owned airport has an asphalt runway that is 6,000' long by 150' wide, is lighted, and is equipped for instrument approaches. Regular flights are provided by several carriers, including charter operators. Float planes can also land on Aniak Slough. Fuel and supplies are brought in by barge during the summer; other goods are delivered by air year-round. There is no road connection to other villages, although trails and the frozen river are used by snowmachines during winter. A winter trail is marked to Kalskag (15 mi). The community has requested construction of a road to Chuathbaluk.


Organizations with Local Offices

City - City of Aniak
P.O. Box 189
Aniak, AK 99557
Phone 907-675-4481
Fax 907-675-4486
E-mail 
aniakcityof@yahoo.com
Web http://www.cityofaniak.org 

Electric Utility - Aniak Light and Power Company
P.O. Box 129
Aniak, AK 99557
Phone 907-675-4334
Fax 907-675-4334
Web 
aniaklnp@arctic.net 

Regional Development - Interior Rivers Resource Conservation and Development Council
P.O. Box 309
Aniak, AK 99557
Phone 907-675-4578
Fax 907-675-4579
E-mail 
wmorganchief@yahoo.com
Web http://www.interiorrivers.org 

Regional Native Non-Profit - Kuskokwim Native Association
P.O. Box 127
Aniak, AK 99557
Phone 907-675-4384
Fax Kusko

School District - Kuspuk School District
P.O. Box 49
Aniak, AK 99557-0049
Phone 907-675-4250
Fax 907-675-4305
E-mail 
ballen@kuspuk.org
Web http://www.kuspuk.org 

Tribe - federally recognized - Village of Aniak
P.O. Box 176
Aniak, AK 99557
Phone 907-675-4349
Fax 907-675-4513
E-mail 
aniaktc@yahoo.com or wmorgan@kuskuk.org

Village Corporation - The Kuskokwim Corporation
P.O. Box 227
Aniak, AK 99557
Phone 907-675-4275
Fax 907-675-4276

 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Kuspuk School District
P.O. Box 49
Aniak, AK 99557-0049
Phone 907-675-4250
Fax 907-675-4305
E-mail 
ballen@kuspuk.org
Web http://www.kuspuk.org

Regional Native Corporation - Calista Corporation
301 Calista Court # A
Anchorage, AK 99518-3000
Phone 907-279-5516
Fax 907-272-5060
E-mail 
calista@calistacorp.com
Web http://www.calistacorp.com

Regional Native Health Corporation - Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation
P.O. Box 528
Bethel, AK 99559
Phone 907-543-6020
Fax 907-543-6006
E-mail 
gene_peltola@ykhc.org
Web http://www.ykhc.org/

Regional Native Non-Profit - Kuskokwim Native Association
P.O. Box 127
Aniak, AK 99557
Phone 907-675-4384
Fax Kusko

Native Housing Authority - Village of Aniak
P.O. Box 176
Aniak, AK 99557
Phone 907-675-4349
Fax 907-675-4513
E-mail 
aniaktc@yahoo.com or wmorgan@kuskuk.org

 



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