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Angoon

Angoon

Browse Locations Angoon

Angoon

(an-GOON)

 

Current Population:466 (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type: 2nd Class City

Located In:Hoonah-Angoon Census Area

Taxes: Sales: 3%, Property: None, Special: 5% Bed Tax

 

 

Location and Climate

Angoon is the only permanent settlement on Admiralty Island, located on the southwest coast at Kootznahoo Inlet. Angoon is 55 miles southwest of Juneau and 41 miles northeast of Sitka. The community lies at approximately 57.503330° North Latitude and -134.583890° West Longitude. (Sec. 25, T050S, R067E, Copper River Meridian.)   Angoon is located in the Juneau Recording District.  The area encompasses 22.5 sq. miles of land and 16.1 sq. miles of water.

Angoon's maritime climate is characterized by cool summers and mild winters. Summer temperatures range from 45 to 61 °F. Winter temperatures range from 25 to 39 °F. Extremes in temperature have been recorded, ranging from a low of -6 to a high of 77 °F. Angoon receives much less precipitation than is typical of Southeast Alaska, averaging 43 inches annually. Annual snowfall averages 63 inches. Strong north winds during winter months cause rough seas, which may prevent aircraft landings.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

Admiralty Island has long been the home of the Kootznoowoo Tlingit tribe. Kootznoowoo means "fortress of bears." From the 1700s to the mid-1800s, fur trading was the major money-making activity in the area. In 1878, the Northwest Trading Company established a trading post and whaling station on nearby Killisnoo Island, and villagers were employed to hunt whales. Whaling, a BIA school, and a Russian Orthodox church attracted many Tlingits to Killisnoo. In 1882, a whaling vessel's harpoon charge accidentally misfired and exploded, killing a Native crewmember - a Tlingit shaman. Villagers demanded payment of 200 blankets to the man's family, as was customary. The Northwest Trading Co. felt threatened and sought assistance from the U.S. Navy at Sitka. The village and a summer camp were subsequently shelled and destroyed by the Navy Cutter U.S.S. Corwin. Native accounts of the attack claim six children died by smoke inhalation. In 1973, Angoon won a $90,000 out-of-court settlement from the federal government for the 1882 bombardment. Whaling did not last long, and the company switched to herring processing. During this time, many Tlingits moved to Killisnoo for employment at the plant. In 1928, Killisnoo was destroyed by fire, and many Tlingits returned to Angoon. A post office was established in 1928. The city was formed in 1963. Many summer homes have developed on Killisnoo Island.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Angoon Community Association. Angoon is a Tlingit village with a commercial fishing and subsistence lifestyle. Possession of alcohol is banned in the community.

According to Census 2010, there were 256 housing units in the community and 167 were occupied. Its population was 75.8 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 10.5 percent white; 0.9 percent black; 12.4 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds. Additionally, 7.8 percent of the population was of Hispanic decent.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

The Tillinghast Lake reservoir provides water, which is treated and piped throughout the community. Angoon has had a piped system since 1977, and over 95% of homes have complete plumbing. Piped sewage is processed at a secondary treatment plant that directs flow to an ocean outfall. A 500,000-gallon water tank has been constructed at the plant. The city collects refuse and hauls it to the landfill, located approximately two miles from Angoon. The Tlingit-Haida Regional Electric Authority, a non-profit subdivision of the state, operates three diesel-fueled generators in Angoon. Electricity is provided by Inside Passage Electric Cooperative. There are 2 schools located in the community,  attended by 79 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Jessie Jim Health Center (Angoon).  Jessie Jim Health Center provides Primary Health Care Prevention Services Dental Care and Behavioral Health. Angoon is an isolated location it is part of the Southeast EMS Region. Emergency Services have limited highway marine floatplane and helicopter access. Emergency service is provided by 911 Telephone Service volunteers and a health aide.  Auxiliary health care is provided by Angoon Emergency Medical Services (Clinic 907-788-3411).

 

Economy

Commercial fishing is a major source of income. In 2010, 18 residents held commercial fishing permits. A shellfish farm was funded by state and federal grants. The Chatham School District is the primary employer. Logging on Prince of Wales Island provides occasional jobs. Subsistence remains an important part of the lifestyle. Local resources include deer, salmon, bear, halibut, shellfish, geese, seaweed, and berries.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 1781 residents as employed. The public sector employed 22.5%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 18.7%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 43.4%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $23,350 (MOE +/-$5,460)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $18,175 (MOE +/-$4,585)1. About 35.3%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 

 

 

Transportation

Angoon is accessible only by float plane or boat. Scheduled and charter float plane services are available from the state-owned seaplane base on Kootznahoo Inlet. Angoon's facilities also include a deep draft dock, a small boat harbor with 45 berths, and state ferry terminal. Freight arrives by barge and ferry.


Organizations with Local Offices

City - City of Angoon
P.O. Box 189
Angoon, AK 99820
Phone 907-788-3653
Fax 907-788-3821
E-mail 
angooncityclerk@hotmail.com

Electric Utility - Inside Passage Electric Cooperative
P.O. Box 210149
Auke Bay, AK 99821-0149
Phone 907-789-3196x22
Fax 907-790-8517
Web 
http://www.myipec.org/ 

School District - Chatham School District
P.O. Box 109
Angoon, AK 99820
Phone 907-788-3302
Fax 907-788-3252
E-mail 
sbutterfield@chathamsd.org
Web http://www.chathamsd.org 

Tribe - federally recognized - Angoon Community Association
P.O. Box 188
Angoon, AK 99820
Phone 907-788-3411
Fax 907-788-3412

Village Corporation - Kootznoowoo, Incorporated
8585 Old Dairy Road, Suite 104
Juneau, AK 99801
Phone 907-790-2992
Fax 907-790-2995
E-mail 
sharonlove65@gmail.com
Web http://www.kootznoowoo.com 
 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Chatham School District
P.O. Box 109
Angoon, AK 99820
Phone 907-788-3302
Fax 907-788-3252
E-mail 
sbutterfield@chathamsd.org
Web http://www.chathamsd.org

Regional Native Corporation - Sealaska Corporation
One Sealaska Plaza, Suite 400
Juneau, AK 99801-1276
Phone 907-586-1512
Fax 907-586-2304
E-mail 
todd.antioquia@sealaska.com
Web http://www.sealaska.com

Regional Native Health Corporation - Southeast Alaska Regional Health Consortium
3245 Hospital Dr.
Juneau, AK 99801
Phone 907-463-4000
Fax 907-463-4075
E-mail 
admin@searhc.org
Web http://www.searhc.org/

Regional Native Non-Profit - Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska
320 West Wiloughby Ave, Suite 300
Juneau, AK 99801
Phone 907-586-1432 or 1-800-344-1432
Fax 907-586-8970
E-mail 
mkookesh@ccthia.org

Native Housing Authority - Tlingit-Haida Regional Housing Authority
P.O. Box 32237
Juneau, AK 99803
Phone 907-780-6868
Fax 907-780-6895
E-mail 
bkazama@thrha.org
Web http://www.thrha.org/

Regional Development - Southeast Conference
612 W. Willoughby Avenue, Suite A
Juneau,  99802
Phone 907-463-3445
Fax 907-463-5670
E-mail 
shellyw@seconference.org
Web http://www.seconference.org

 



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