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Allakaket

Allakaket

Browse Locations Allakaket

 

Allakaket

(al-uh-KACK-ut); also see New Allakaket
 

Current Population:              103   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:              2nd Class City

Located In:                           Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area

Taxes:                                   Sales: None, Property: None, Special: None

                                            

 

 

Location and Climate

Allakaket is on the south bank of the Koyukuk River, southwest of its junction with the Alatna River, approximately 190 air miles northwest of Fairbanks and 57 miles upriver from Hughes. The village of Alatna is located directly across the river. The community lies at approximately 66.562610° North Latitude and -152.647560° West Longitude.  (Sec. 14, T020N, R024W, Fairbanks Meridian.)  Allakaket is located in the Fairbanks Recording District.  The area encompasses 3.6 sq. miles of land and 0.7 sq. miles of water.

The area experiences a cold, continental climate with extreme temperature differences. The average high temperature during July is 70 °F. The average low temperature during January is well below zero and extended periods of -40 °F are common. The highest temperature ever recorded was 94 °F, and the lowest was -75 °F. Average annual precipitation is 13 inches, and average annual snowfall is 72 inches. The Koyukuk River is ice-free from June through October.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

Several Native groups have lived in the area, including Koyukon Athabascans and Kobuk, Selawik, and Nunamiut Eskimos from the north and northwest. The Koyukon lived in several camps throughout the year, moving as the seasons changed, following the wild game and fish. The various bands established joint settlements after 1851. The old site of Alatna was a traditional trading center for Athabascans and Eskimos. The first mission on the Koyukuk River, St. John's-in-the-Wilderness Episcopal Mission, was established in 1906. A post office was opened in 1925. In 1938, the name of the community was changed to Allakaket (the old name for the mission), and the name Alatna was assumed by the small Eskimo community across the river. The first public school was established in 1957. A flood caused by ice jamming inundated 85% of the community in the Spring of 1964. In 1975, the community incorporated as a city, including both settlements of Allakaket and Alatna. A clinic and airport were built in 1978. A new school and community roads were built in 1979. In September 1994, flood waters destroyed and swept away nearly all of the community's buildings, homes, and food caches for the winter. Residents rebuilt near the old city site, but some new homes and facilities are now located outside of the incorporated city boundaries. New Allakaket and Alatna are located outside of the city limits.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Allakaket Village. Allakaket is mainly an Athabascan community; Kobuk Eskimos live across the river in Alatna. Two separate village councils exist. Traditional potlatches, dances and foot races attract visitors from area villages. Subsistence activities provide the majority of food sources. The sale, importation, and possession of alcohol is banned in the village.

According to Census 2010, there were 58 housing units in the community and 44 were occupied. Its population was 95.2 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 1 percent white; 3.8 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

Most public facilities were severely damaged in the 1994 Koyukuk River flood. Major components have been replaced -- a washeteria, well and treatment plant, 100,000-gal. Water storage tank, sewage lagoon, and force main have been completed. The lagoon is connected to the washeteria and school. Residents carry treated water and haul honeybuckets or use pit privies; no households have plumbing. Electricity is provided by Alaska Power Company. There is one school located in the community, attended by 41 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Allakaket Health Clinic.  Allakaket Health Clinic is a Primary Health Care facility with river and air access.

 

Economy

Most cash jobs are part-time or seasonal. The primary year-round employers are the school, city, tribe, and village corporation store. Construction and BLM emergency firefighting provide summer jobs. A few earn income from trapping or selling traditional Native handicrafts. Subsistence is the focus of the local economy. Salmon, whitefish, moose, bear, small game, and berries provide most food sources. Caribou are taken when available.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 201 residents as employed. The public sector employed 30.0%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 54.5%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 18.5%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $19,250 (MOE +/-$5,250)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $15,925 (MOE +/-$5,965)1. About 49.2%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 

 

 

Transportation

Allakaket has no road link, but winter trails connect it with Hughes, Bettles, and Tanana. River transportation is important in summer, but there is no commercial barge access due to shallow water. A state-owned 4,000' long by 100' wide gravel runway is accessible year-round. A $6 million airport improvement began construction in 1997.


Organizations with Local Offices

City - City of Allakaket
P.O. Box 30
Allakaket, AK 99720
Phone 907-968-2424
Fax 907-968-2241
E-mail 
cityofallakaket@gmail.com

Electric Utility - Alaska Power Company
P.O. Box 3222
Port Townsend, WA 98368
Phone 800-982-0136
Fax 360-385-5177
E-mail 
apt@aptalaska.com
Web http://www.aptalaska.com/ 

Tribe - federally recognized - Allakaket Village
P.O. Box 50
Allakaket, AK 99720
Phone 907-968-2241
Fax 907-968-2233

 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Yukon-Koyukuk School District
4762 Old Airport Way
Fairbanks, AK 99709-4456
Phone 907-374-9400
Fax 907-374-9442
E-mail 
kboyd@yksd.com
Web http://www.yksd.com

Regional Native Corporation - Doyon, Limited
1 Doyon Place, Suite 300
Fairbanks, AK 99701-2941
Phone 907-459-2000
Fax 907-459-2060
E-mail 
info@doyon.com
Web http://www.doyon.com

Regional Native Health Corporation - Tanana Chiefs Conference
122 First Ave, Suite 600
Fairbanks, AK 99701
Phone 907-452-8251
Fax 907-459-3851
E-mail 
jerryisaac@tananachiefs.org
Web http://www.tananachiefs.org

Native Housing Authority - Allakaket Village
P.O. Box 50
Allakaket, AK 99720
Phone 907-968-2241
Fax 907-968-2233

 



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