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Aleknagik

Aleknagik

Browse Locations Aleknagik

 

Aleknagik

(uh-LECK-nuh-gik)
 

Current Population:              227   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:              2nd Class City

Located In:                           Dillingham Census Area

Taxes:                                   Sales: 5%, Property: None, Special: 5.0% Bed Tax

                                            

 

 

Location and Climate

Aleknagik is located at the head of Wood River on the southeast end of Lake Aleknagik, 16 miles northwest of Dillingham. The community lies at approximately 59.273060° North Latitude and -158.617780° West Longitude.  (Sec. 31, T010S, R055W, Seward Meridian.)   Aleknagik is located in the Bristol Bay Recording District.  The area encompasses 11.6 sq. miles of land and 7.2 sq. miles of water.

Aleknagik is in a transitional climate zone. The primary influence is maritime, although a continental climate does affect the weather here. Average summer temperatures range from 30 to 66 °F. Average winter temperatures range from 4 to 30 °F. Average annual precipitation is 20 to 35 inches, and average annual snowfall is 93 inches. Fog and low clouds are common during July and August and may preclude access. The lake and river are ice-free from June through mid-November.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

Wood River and Aleknagik Lake have been used historically as summer fish camps. Aleknagik means "Wrong Way Home," because Natives returning to their homes along the Nushagak River would sometimes become lost in the fog and find themselves swept up the Wood River with the tide, inadvertently arriving at Aleknagik Lake. The 1929 U.S. Census found 55 people living in the "Wood River Village" area to the south. In 1930, there were five families living on the shores of the lake year-round: the Waskeys, Polleys, Hansons, Yakos, and Smiths. A log cabin territorial school was built on the south shore of the lake in 1933, and Josie Waskey was the first teacher. Attracted by the school, other facilities, and plentiful fish, game, and timber, a number of families from Goodnews, Togiak, and Kulukak relocated to Aleknagik. A post office was established in 1937. A two-story framed school with a teacher apartment was constructed in 1938. By 1939, Aleknagik had 78 residents, over 30 buildings, and a small sawmill. In the late 1940s, a Seventh-Day Adventist mission and school was established on the north shore. During the 1950s, a Moravian church and a Russian Orthodox church were built in Aleknagik and over 35 families lived along the lake. In 1959, the state constructed a 25-mile road connecting the south shore to Dillingham. The road was passable only during the summer months, until the late 1980s, when it was upgraded and maintained year-round. The city was incorporated in 1973. Over 24 additional square miles were annexed to the city in April 2000.

A federally-recognized tribe is located in the community -- the Native Village of Aleknagik. It is a traditional Yup'ik Eskimo area, with historical influences from the Seventh-Day Adventists, Russian Orthodox, and Moravians. Fishing and subsistence activities are practiced.

According to Census 2010, there were 132 housing units in the community and 71 were occupied. Its population was 75.8 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 15.1 percent white; 9.1 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

The majority of residents (49 homes) have household plumbing, and most use individual wells. 12 homes do not have water or sewer service - some haul water from the community center, and a few are served by a spring water catchment system. Septic tanks, leechate fields, and public sewage lagoons are used for sewage disposal. The North Shore uses eleven shared residential effluent pumps (REP units), which discharge into a piped system. There are two landfill sites. The North Shore landfill is permitted, and the South Shore landfill is not permitted. Nushagak Electric in Dillingham provides electricity to Aleknagik. Electricity is provided by Nushagak Electric Cooperative. There is one school located in the community,  attended by 31 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Aleknagik North Shore Health Clinic and Aleknagik South Shore Health Clinic.  Both North and South Shore Clinics are Primary Health Care facilities. Aleknagik is classified as a highway location it is part of the Southern EMS Region. Emergency Services have limited highway air and satellite access. Emergency service is provided by volunteers and a health aide.  Auxiliary health care is provided by Aleknagik First Responders(907-842-5933) or Kanakanak Hospital in Dillingham.

 

Economy

Many residents participate in commercial and subsistence activities on the Bristol Bay coast during the summer. In 2010, 22 residents held commercial fishing permits. Trapping is also an important means of income. Most families depend to some extent on subsistence activities to supplement their livelihoods. Salmon, freshwater fish, moose, caribou, and berries are harvested.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 691 residents as employed. The public sector employed 47.8%1 of all workers. The local unemployment rate was 42.0%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 38.7%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $47,188 (MOE +/-$22,563)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $14,920 (MOE +/-$4,938)1. About 40.0%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 


 

 

Transportation

Aleknagik is the only regional village with a road link to Dillingham, a 25-mile road that connects the south shore. There are 4 runways in Aleknagik. One airport is a state-owned 2,040' long by 80' wide gravel airstrip located on the north shore, and regular flights are scheduled through Dillingham. The north shore of the lake is not road accessible; residents use skiffs to travel to town on the south shore. Moody's Aleknagik Seaplane Base, also on the north shore, accomodates float planes. The two additional airstrips are private runways; one is a 1,200' by 25' gravel dirt runway, located 2 miles southeast of Aleknagik, and the other is a 1,150' by 35' gravel runway. A breakwater, barge landing, boat launch ramp, and boat lift are available on the north shore. Vehicles, skiffs, ATVs, and snowmachines are the most frequent means of local transportation.


Organizations with Local Offices

City - City of Aleknagik
P.O. Box 33
Aleknagik, AK 99555-0033
Phone 907-842-5953
Fax 907-842-2107
E-mail 
cityalek@gmail.com
Web http://cityalek@gmail.com 

Electric Utility - Nushagak Electric Cooperative
P.O. Box 350
Dillingham, AK 99576-0350
Phone 907-842-5251
Fax 907-842-2799

Tribe - federally recognized - Native Village of Aleknagik
P.O. Box 115
Aleknagik, AK 99555
Phone 907-842-2080
Fax 907-842-2081
E-mail 
aleknagiktraditional@yahoo.com
Web http://www.bbna.com 

Village Corporation - Aleknagik Natives Limited
P.O. Box 1630
Dillingham, AK 99576-1630
Phone 907-842-2385
Fax 907-842-1662

 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Southwest Region School District
P.O. Box 90
Dillingham, AK 99576
Phone 907-842-5287
Fax 907-842-5428
E-mail 
piazzad@swrsd.org
Web http://www.swrsd.org

Regional Native Corporation - Bristol Bay Native Corporation
111 W 16th Ave, Suite 400
Anchorage, AK 99501-6299
Phone 907-278-3602
Fax 907-276-3924
E-mail 
jasonmetrokin@bbnc.net
Web http://www.bbnc.net

Regional Native Health Corporation - Bristol Bay Area Health Corporation
P.O. Box 130
Dillingham, AK 99576
Phone 907-842-5201
Fax 907-842-9251
E-mail 
rclark@bbahc.org
Web http://www.bbahc.org


Native Housing Authority - Bristol Bay Housing Authority
P.O. Box 50
Dillingham, AK 99576
Phone 907-842-5956
Fax 907-842-2784
E-mail 
dmcclure@bbha.org
Web http://www.bbha.org

Regional Development - Southwest Alaska Municipal Conference
3300 Arctic Blvd., Suite 203
Anchorage,  99503
Phone 907-562-7380
Fax 907-562-0438
E-mail 
avarner@swamc.org
Web http://www.swamc.org

Economic Development - CDQ Group - Bristol Bay Economic Development Association
P.O. Box 1464
Dillingham, AK 99576-1464
Phone 907-842-4370
Fax 907-842-4336
E-mail 
sockeye1@nushtel.net
Web http://www.bbedc.com

 



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