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Adak

Adak

Browse Locations Adak

 

Adak

(A-dack); formerly Adak Station

 

Current Population:   331   (2011 Alaska Department of Labor Estimate)

Incorporation Type:   2nd Class City

Located In:                    Aleutians West Census Area

Taxes:                             Sales: 4%, Property: None, Special: 5% Transient Lodging Tax

                                          

 

Location and Climate

Adak is located on Kuluk Bay on Adak Island. It lies 1,300 miles southwest of Anchorage and 350 miles west of Unalaska or its port Dutch Harbor in the Aleutian Island Chain. Flight time to Anchorage is three hours. Adak is the southern-most community in Alaska, on the latitude of Vancouver Island in Canada. The community lies at approximately 51.872500° North Latitude and -176.628610° West Longitude.  (Sec. 10, T096S, R195W, Seward Meridian.)   Adak is located in the Aleutian Islands Recording District.  The area encompasses 122.4 sq. miles of land and 4.9 sq. miles of water.

Adak lies in the maritime climate zone, characterized by persistently overcast skies, high winds, and frequent cyclonic storms. Winter squalls produce wind gusts in excess of 100 knots. During the summer, extensive fog forms over the Bering Sea and North Pacific. Average temperatures range from 20 to 60 °F.Total precipitation is 64 inches annually, with an average accumulated snowfall of 100 inches.

 

History, Culture and Demographics

The Aleutian Islands were historically occupied by the Unangas. The once heavily-populated island was eventually abandoned in the early 1800s, as the Aleutian Island hunters followed the Russian fur trade eastward, and famine set in on the Andreanof Island group. The Native population continued to actively hunt and fish around the island over the years, until World War II broke out. Adak's military installations allowed U.S. forces to mount a successful offensive against the Japanese-held islands of Kiska and Attu. After the war, Adak was developed as a Naval Air Station, playing an important role during the Cold War as a submarine surveillance center. Large earthquakes rocked the island in 1957, 1964, and 1977. The naval station officially closed on March 31, 1997. The Aleut Corporation acquired Adak's facilities under a land transfer agreement with the Department of the Interior and the U.S. Navy branch of the Department of Defense. In 2001, a community formed as a second-class city.

After World War II, the U.S. Navy developed facilities and recreation opportunities at Adak. The base was a full service base. At its peak, the sation housed 6,000 naval personnel and their families. As of 2009, all of naval installations were closed. Ownership of the facilities passed to the Aleut Corporation and the City of Adak.

According to Census 2010, there were 500 housing units in the community and 44 were occupied. Its population was 5.5 percent American Indian or Alaska Native; 19.6 percent white; 4 percent black; 52.5 percent Asian; 1.5 percent Pacific Islander; 10.7 percent of the local residents had multi-racial backgrounds. Additionally, 8.9 percent of the population was of Hispanic decent.

 

Facilities, Utilities, Schools and Health Care

Water is derived from Lake Bonnie Rose, Lake De Marie, and Nurses Creek, stored in any of the seven water tanks throughout the community, and piped to facilities and housing units. The wastewater treatment system discharges through a marine outfall line to Kuluk Bay. Husky Road landfill is a class III permitted landfill. Electricity is provided by City of Adak. There is one school located in the community,  attended by 20 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Adak Medical Clinic.  Adak Medical Center is a qualified Emergency Care Center and Primary Health Care facility. The clinic is staffed by a physician's assistant and provides emergency care family practice and referral services. Lab pharmacy and public health services are available. Adak is an isolated town/sub-regional center located in the Southern EMS Region. Emergency Services have coastal and airport access to Adak.  Auxiliary health care is provided by Adak Volunteer Fire Dept. (907-592-4513).

 

Economy

Adak provides a fueling port and crew transfer facility for foreign fishing fleets, and an airport, docks, housing facilities, restaurant, grocery store, and ship supply store are available. The seafood processing facility can process more than 5,000 pounds of fish per day. In 2010, two residents held commercial fishing permits.

The 2006-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated 391 residents as employed. The local unemployment rate was 2.5%1. The percentage of workers not in labor force was 9.1%1. The ACS surveys established that average median household income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $75,417 (MOE +/-$30,563)1. The per capita income (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) was $36,947 (MOE +/-$10,869)1. About 1.7%1 of all residents had incomes below the poverty level. 


 

Transportation

Adak Airport is a State of Alaska owned & maintained certificated airport. It has two asphalt paved runways; one measures 7,790' long by 200' wide, and the other runway measures 7,605' by 200' wide. Alaska Airlines operates passenger and cargo jet service. There are three deep water docks and fueling facilities. In 2009, the city was in the process of expanding the Sweeper Cove small boat harbor to include new breakwaters, a 315' dock, and new moorage floats. Adak has approximately 16 miles of paved roads, as well as gravel and dirt roads.


Organizations with Local Offices

City - City of Adak
P.O. Box 2011
Adak, AK 99546
Phone 907-592-4500
Fax 907-592-4262
E-mail 
clerk@adak-ak.gov; Manager@adak-ak.gov
Web http://www.adak-ak.us/index_files/slide0002.html 

Electric Utility - TDX Adak Generating LLC
1082 Hillside Blvd
Adak, AK 99546
Phone 907-592-2490
E-mail 
serviceTAG@tdxpower.com

School District - Aleutian Region School District
P.O. Box 92230
Anchorage, AK 99509
Phone 907-277-2648
Fax 907-277-2649
E-mail 
aleutreg@aleutregion.org
Web http://www.aleutregion.org 
 

 

Regional Organizations

School District - Aleutian Region School District
P.O. Box 92230
Anchorage, AK 99509
Phone 907-277-2648
Fax 907-277-2649
E-mail 
aleutreg@aleutregion.org
Web http://www.aleutregion.org

Regional Native Health Corporation - Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association, Incorporated
1131 E. International Airport Rd.
Anchorage, AK 99518
Phone 907-276-2700
Fax 907-279-4351
E-mail 
apiai@apiai.org
Web http://www.apiai.org

Native Housing Authority - Aleutian Housing Authority
520 E. 32nd Ave
Anchorage, AK 99503
Phone 907-563-2146
Fax 907-563-3105
E-mail 
dand@aleutian-housing.com
Web http://www.aleutian-housing.com/

Regional Development - Southwest Alaska Municipal Conference
3300 Arctic Blvd., Suite 203
Anchorage,  99503
Phone 907-562-7380
Fax 907-562-0438
E-mail 
avarner@swamc.org
Web http://www.swamc.org

 



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